Plantar fasciitis (PLAN-tur fas-e-I-tis) involves pain and inflammation of the thick band of tissue, called the plantar fascia, which runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes. Plantar fasciitis is considered one of the most common causes of heel pain.
Plantar fasciitis commonly causes stabbing pain that usually occurs with your very first steps in the morning. Once your foot warms up and stretches, the pain of plantar fasciitis normally decreases, but it may return after long periods of standing or after getting up from a seated position.
Under normal circumstances, your plantar fascia acts like a shock-absorbing bowstring, supporting the arch in your foot. If tension on that bowstring becomes too great, it can create small tears in the fascia. Repetitive stretching and tearing can cause the fascia to become irritated or inflamed.
Plantar fasciitis is particularly common in runners. In addition, people who are overweight, pregnant
women, people with foot arch problems (flat feet or high arches), those who wear shoes with
inadequate support, and people with tight Achilles tendon, are at risk of plantar fasciitis.
Plantar fasciitis is seen both in man and women, most commonly between ages 40-60.
The most common complaint is stabbing pain and stiffness in the bottom of the heel. The bottom of the foot may ache or burn. In most cases, the pain associated with plantar fasciitis develops gradually over time, but it may also occur suddenly, after intense activity.
Is triggered by — and is worst with — the first few steps after awakening, although it can also be triggered by long periods of standing or getting up from a seated position, climbing stairs, or intense activity
Ignoring plantar fasciitis may result in chronic heel pain that hinders your regular activities. You may also develop foot, knee, hip or back problems because of the way plantar fasciitis changes your walking.