Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS) is an innovative chiropractic treatment that involves the intrinsic locomotion system of stabilization.
The spine’s integrated stabilization system is composed of several components: the small inter-segmental spinal muscles, the diaphragm, the deep neck flexors, the pelvic floor, and the abdominal wall. Normally, these muscles activate automatically prior to bodily movement. By using DNS, chiropractors are able to activate the integrated stabilization system in order to improve function.
Each movement begins by stabilizing body segments to enhance balance, security, and efficiency of the relevant components. Activating the stabilization system is an unconscious and automatic process.
However, sometimes the stabilization process can become disrupted. This happens if even one muscle (or just part of one) fails to function properly. As a result, this purposeful movement becomes compromised. Then the body responds with a compensatory mechanism that provides a measure of body segmental stability. Typically, these compensatory processes involve superficial muscle groups that overload spinal discs and joints, in addition to causing muscle overuse as well as repetitive muscle straining. This in turn leads to further imbalance in the locomotion system and a decrease of spinal stability.
Fortunately, DNS allows sports injury chiropractors to analyze the functional stability and locate the “key link” associated with the dysfunction. A diagnosis will be made after comparing the patient’s stabilizing patterns with the development of healthy stabilization patterns of a normal baby.
By using special functional exercises that target the integrated stabilizing system, the patient will soon enjoy improved spinal stability. For this to happen, the brain has to be correctly stimulated and conditioned to automatically activate the stabilization patterns essential for initiating movement.
The goal of the treatment is to reestablish proper movement patterns as defined by standard developmental kinesiology—that is, normal movements associated with a child’s first year.
The final outcome of this type of chiropractic treatment is successfully teaching the patient’s brain to sustain central control and stability of movements restored by the therapy. The chiropractor achieves this by stimulating the stabilizers while placing the patient’s body in primal developmental positions. During the stimulation procedure, the spine extends, the joints become centrated, and the intra-abdominal pressure is increased. By repeating the exercises, automatic central control is eventually reestablished as an essential part of normal, everyday movement.