The CranioSacral System consists of the membrane system and cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord, forming the Central Nervous System. It extends from the bones of the skull, face and mouth, which make up the cranium, down to the end of the spinal column, which is the sacrum. Its purpose is to protect, support, nourish and hold in place the Central Nervous System.
The CranioSacral System has a rhythm that a trained practitioner can palpate anywhere on the body. Dr. Upledger noticed the rhythm for the first time while assisting a cervical surgery in which the spinal cord was exposed but kept intact.
Any imbalance or restriction in the CranioSacral System could potentially cause any number of sensory, motor or neurological disabilities. These problems include chronic pain, motor-coordination impairments, scoliosis, eye problems, learning disabilities and many other health challenges.
The light touch of CST aides in releasing restrictions from the fascia and musculoskeletal systems of the body, which improves the function of the central nervous system. This enables the body to reestablish homeostasis and heal itself. Restrictions in the fascial and musculoskeletal systems can result from any old trauma, scar tissue, postural imbalance, etc.
Another element of CST is SER (Somato Emotional Release) that occurs as a natural process in some sessions. SER helps the patient in becoming aware of emotional holdings in the body. Emotions and feelings held in the tissues can be the underlying cause of disease, and if left untreated, can prevent full recovery.
CST is a non-invasive treatment, using gentle light touch on a fully clothed body. The therapist tunes in to the rhythm of the CSS to detect potential restrictions and imbalances. The therapist then uses delicate manual techniques to make the necessary adjustments to allow the body to release any restrictions that are hampering its optimal function thus helping to alleviate a wide range of illnesses and disorders.
The core concepts of CST are:
1. The Body is a Unit.
2. Structure and Function Interrelate.
3. The Body is Self Correcting and Self Regulating.
4. Movement is Health.
Based on these foundations, when the restrictions in the CSS are released, homeostasis and balance is reestablished, consequently enabling to return to its optimal level of performance, and self correct.