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Jun 9

Torticollis

Definition Torticollis (wryneck) exhibit flexion, extension, or twisting of muscles of the neck beyond their normal position. In torticollis, the neck tends to twist to one side, causing head tilt. The condition can either develop slowly if you have a family history of the disorder, or acutely from trauma, or as an adverse reaction to medications. […]

Jun 9

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Dysfunction

Definition The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) acts like a sliding hinge, connecting your jawbone to your skull. TMJ disorders can cause pain in your jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement. The TMJ connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the skull (temporal bone) in front of the ear. Certain facial muscles control chewing. […]

Jun 9

Shin Splints (Tibial Stress Syndrome)

Definition The term “shin splints” refers to pain along or just behind the shinbone (tibia) — the large bone in the front of your lower leg. Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints occur during physical activity and result from too much force being placed on your shinbone and connective tissues that attach […]

Jun 9

Piriformis Syndrome

Definition Piriformis syndrome is an uncommon neuromuscular disorder that is caused when the piriformis muscle compresses the sciatic nerve. Piriformis Syndrome causes pain in the hip and buttock which radiates down the leg. This syndrome is often overlooked in clinical settings because its presentation may be similar to that of lumbar radiculopathy, primary sacral dysfunction, […]

Jun 9

Iliotibial Band (ITB) Syndrome

Iliotibial Band (ITB) Syndrome Definition Iliotibial band syndrome, or ITBS, is due to inflammation of the iliotibial band, a thick band of fibrous tissue that runs down the outside of the leg. The iliotibial band begins at the hip and extends to the outer side of the shin bone (tibia) just below the knee joint. […]

Jun 3

Tennis Elbow

Tennis Elbow Definition Tennis elbow is a painful condition that occurs when tendons in your elbow are overworked, usually by repetitive motions of the wrist and arm. Tennis elbow can result from poor technique in executing a tennis backhand. However, many occupations also feature repetitive wrist and arm motions that can cause tennis elbow. The […]

Jun 3

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder impingement syndrome is a common cause of shoulder pain. It occurs when there is impingement of tendons or bursa in the shoulder from bones of the shoulder. Impingement occurs to some degree in everyone’s shoulder. Day-to-day activities that involve using the arm above shoulder level cause some impingement. Usually it doesn’t lead to any prolonged […]

Jun 3

Sciatica

Definition Sciatica refers to pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve — which branches from your lower back through your hips and buttocks and down each leg. Typically, sciatica affects only one side of your body. Sciatica is caused by irritation of the root(s) of the lower lumbar and lumbosacral spine. This […]

Jun 3

Rotator Cuff Syndrome

Rotator cuff syndrome is damage to the rotator cuff, which is a part of the shoulder. The “cuff” is actually a group of four muscles and their tendons that work as a unit to hold the bones of the shoulder together, allowing individuals to lift their arms and reach overhead. Repetitive motion and overuse, along […]

Jun 3

Plantar Fasciitis

Definition Plantar fasciitis (PLAN-tur fas-e-I-tis) involves pain and inflammation of the thick band of tissue, called the plantar fascia, which runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes. Plantar fasciitis is considered one of the most common causes of heel pain. Plantar fasciitis commonly causes stabbing pain that […]